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Day to Day with Diabetes


Over 90% of diabetes management is based on self-management.  Many people who need medicines as part of their treatment do not know what their medicines are, how the medicines can help them or why it is important to comply with their medication as prescribed.  This can be fatal.

Below are vital questions you can ask about the medicine prescribed for you.

  1. What is the medicine for?
  2. What does it do?
  3. How and when should I take it---a) before food, after food?
  4. What time of the day should I take it?
  5. Should it be taken before or after food?
  6. Is it okay to take it with other medicines?
  7. How will it affect my every day life?
  8. What should I do if side effects occur?
  9. Ask when the treatment plan is due for a review, if you have a long-term condition.

No matter how well you feel, DO NOT stop your medication without medical advice.


Physical Activity

Physical activities and exercises are good for you. Why not try some simple things every day:

Eat well  



About 1 in 7 of deaths in the UK is caused by diabetes. Half of these are from cardiovascular disease.

Diabetes and smoking  is a deadly combination. This is because smoking can increase your risk of becoming diabetic or if you have diabetes already, smoking can cause serious health problems.

Some of the complications associated with smoking include:

It may not be easy to stop smoking but if you need help talk to your Diabetes team or Community Smoking Cessation Advisor.



If you want to drink, you can , but in moderation. There is no need to give up alcohol because of being diabetic.

But if you are on any other medication, not just the diabetes medication, always check with the doctor if you can still drink.

You still need to follow the recommended guidelines which are no more than 3 units for men and 2 units for women.


If you are trying to lose weight, you can only have an occasional drink because alcohol contains calories.

Alcohol can make you have hypoglycaemia if you are taking sulphonylureas (e.g. tolbutamide, chlorpropamide, gliclazide, glibenclamide, glipizide) or insulin. Therefore, remember never to drink on an empty stomach.

Being Ill

If you are ill or have a cold, you still need to take your diabetes medication if you are on them. This is very important. 

Regular Check-ups

It is important to have regular check-ups.

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