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Types of Diabetes

There are 2 main types of diabetes. Type 1 and Type 2

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes occurs when:

Type 1 is usually treated with insulin, balanced healthy diet and regular physical exercise.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 occurs when:

Even though Type 2 is usually diagnosed later in adult life,
Children are now developing symptoms of Type 2 as well.

Type 2 is usually treated with diet and physical exercise only or with tablets. Some Type 2 diabetics take a combination of insulin, diet, tablets and regular physical exercise.

About 85% of people with diabetes have Type 2

Other types of Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes
Gestational Diabetes occurs in women during pregnancy. It happens as a result of hormonal changes and demands made on the body by the growing baby during the pregnancy. About 60-65% of people who have gestational diabetes tend to develop Type 2 later on in life. The sugar level usually returns to normal after the birth of the child.

It may be necessary to take insulin or just tablets in addition to the other medication for the pregnancy, plus healthy diet and regular exercise.

Secondary Diabetes

This is caused by other condition e.g. the use of certain medications like diuretics, steroids etc. or the inflammation of the pancreas.

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